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Implants

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Hip I implant

Implant Hip I
Hip I (4-channel transmitter)

The implant is made of a titanium stem and a ceramic head. A compartment, 32 mm deep and 9.5 mm wide, houses the electronic instrumentation inside the neck of the prosthesis. Three semiconductor strain gauges were applied at the lower end of the inner wall and connected to the 4-channel transmitter. Two electrical feed-throughs, welded in the top plate by electron beam, form the transmitter antenna inside the ceramic ball. After the instrumentation, the top plate is welded by laser onto the prosthetic neck, thus sealing the inner space in such a manner that it is absolutely safe against the body.


For further informations click here.

Hip II implant

Implant Hip II
Hip II (2x 8-channel transmitters)

To get more information about a potential temperature increase of hip implant after longer walking distances, an implant with a hollow shaft was instrumented with two 8-channel telemetry transmitters. A common coil in the middle of the shaft supplies power to both telemetry circuits. Inside, eight temperature sensors are arranged along the whole neck and shaft. Three strain gauges placed inside the prosthetic neck monitor the three force components which act at the centre of the ceramic ball. A fourth strain gauge measures the strain of the stem. One telemetry transmitter is placed inside the prosthetic neck; the second device is fixed inside the hollow shaft of the implant. A 4-lead feed through is welded by laser in the top plate of the neck and forms two single loop antennas for the signal transmission.


For further informations click here.

Hip III implant

Implant Hip III
Hip III (9-channel transmitter)

This new design of a instrumented hip implant was developed to measure contact forces and the friction at the joint in vivo. A clinical proven hip implant ('Spotorno' design) was modified in the neck area. The stem is build by TiAl6V4 and Al2O3-Ceramic was choosen for the implant head material. The neck was widened and enhanced with a 6.2 and 10mm hole. In the hollow neck are housed six semiconductor strain gauges, an internal induction coil and the telemetry. The six strain gauges are applied at the lower part on the inner wall (10mm hole) and connected to the 9-channel transmitter. The antenna, placed under the implant head, is connected by electronically feed-through to the internal telemetry. The feed-through is welded by a laser beam into the top plate. The hollowed neck is closed by the top plate and welded with an electron beam. Therefore the internal space is hermetically closed against the body fluids.  With this implant three contact forces acting onto the implant head center and three friction moments acting between the gliding partners can be measured in vivo.


For further informations click here.

Knee implant

Implant: knee joint
Knee Joint

In order to obtain realistic loading data, a knee implant with a 9-channel telemetry transmitter was developed which enables six-component load measurements in a primary total knee replacement. Both forces in axial, medio-lateral and anterio-posterior direction and flexion-extension, varus-valgus and internal-external moments can be measured.The instrumented knee joint is a modification of the INNEXTM System, Type FIXUC (Zimmer GmbH, Winterthur, Switzerland). The standard femur component and tibial insert are used. Only the tibial component was modified to enable the integration of the electronic devices. During modification of the tibial component, the patients' safety was deemed to be especially important.


For further informations click here.

Shoulder implant

Implant: Shoulder joint
Shoulder Joint

The picture shows an instrumented shoulder implant capable of measuring forces, moments and, in addition, the temperature acting in the glenohumeral joint. It was developed in the Biomechanics Lab of the Charité and contains a measuring unit with 6 semiconductor strain gauges and a 9-channel telemetry transmitter. Each strain gauge requires one channel of the telemetry while the remaining three channels are used for transmitting the temperature, the current supply voltage and a synchronising signal. At the lower end, an inductive coil ensures the power supply. The measuring signals are led with a pacemaker feed-through to the antenna (protected by a cap of PEEK) which transmits the signals to the external measuring unit.


For further informations click here.

Vertebral body replacement

Implant: vertebral body replacement
Vertebral Body Replacement

Severe compression fractures of a vertebral body or a tumour in the region of the spine sometimes require the replacement of a vertebral body by an implant. The loads on such an implant are not well known. In order to measure these loads, the commercially available vertebral body replacement 'SYNEX' was modified. It allows the in vivo measurement of three force components and three moments acting on the implant. The 9-channel telemetry transmitter developed in our biomechanics laboratory was placed into the cylinder of the implant together with 6 load sensors and a coil for the inductive power supply. Usually, the spine is in addition stabilized dorsally by an internal spinal fixation device implanted from the back side.


For further informations click here.

Internal spinal fixator

Implant: internal spinal fixator
Internal Spinal Fixator

Little was known about the loads acting on internal spinal fixators. In order to measure the loads, a commercially available implant was modified. A measuring cartridge was integrated into the longitudinal rod containing six load sensors, an 8-channel telemetry transmitter, and the secondary coil for the inductive power supply. Both telemeterized fixators transmit their load values as a radio frequency pulse train outside the body. For the measurements, a flat power coil, fixed to the patient's back, supplies the energy needed by both fixators. The power coil has an integrated antenna which delivers the signals to the external components of the telemetry system.


For further informations click here.